beginnings of La Cumbre can be dated back to 30th October 1585 when all the
lands in this área were given to the 5 siblings of Captain Bartolome Jaimes. In those days the whole area was given the
name of Saint Francis of the Valley of Punilla (small Puna) By 1633 Captain Geronimo de Quevedo acquired
part of this inheritance and renamed it San Geronimo (St Jerome) and for the next three centuries its different
owners kept this name for their farms.
the end of the XIX Century, came some
changes, like the arrival of the railway in 1892, the setting up of a Police
Station in 1895 and a Rural School for Boys and Girls in 1897, as well as the
public use of the San Roque Chapel in 1898,
all of which allowed this small dispersed group, inhabited mostly by
farmers, to start thinking of themselves as an organized community.
On the 1st
December, 1900, the Railway Management
decided to change the name of the Station from San Geronimo, to La Cumbre (The
Summit) , as at an altitude of 1.141metres
above sea level, this was the highest point of the railway line, in the whole
region. With only about 200 inhabitants, the roads were
simply hoof prints open to carriages and riders, along narrow lanes, bordering
the very large properties of some few owners.
It was some
time before the setting up of the Municipal Commission, on 20th May,
1911, which layed out and opened up roads around 1913 and the Town Council was
created on 17th July, 1916.
days, water was brought in by the High and Low irrigation ditches and a series
of open canals in order to take water to country houses and orchards like
Estancia San Geronimo, the Tapia Chacra, Big Chacra and Zapata Post. (Chacra is a small holding), but later on came the Water Works for
channeling the water which was made drinkable,
an indispensable step forward for any progress.
The development of the village, bent on tourism,
was clearly helped by the British Community, who had settled in the area, as
well as the Spanish and Italian settlers. The latters, clearly integrated with the
locals in their daily lives.
doubt, it was around the third decade of the XX Century, with its financial
rollercoasters and the threat of war in
Europe, when La Cumbre became an ideal place to settle , relax
and live closer to the foreign styles ,
which many argentines craved for. That
is the reason why the town´s profile took on some unchangeable
characteristics, in a rather English
Junta de Historia de La Cumbre.