History

1585
The beginnings of La Cumbre can be dated back to 30th October 1585 when all the lands in this área were given to the 5 siblings of Captain Bartolome Jaimes.  In those days the whole area was given the name of Saint Francis of the Valley of Punilla (small Puna)  By 1633 Captain Geronimo de Quevedo acquired part of this inheritance and renamed it San Geronimo (St Jerome)  and for the next three centuries its different owners kept this name for their farms.



Towards the end of the XIX Century,  came some changes, like the arrival of the railway in 1892, the setting up of a Police Station in 1895 and a Rural School for Boys and Girls in 1897, as well as the public use of the San Roque Chapel in 1898,  all of which allowed this small dispersed group, inhabited mostly by farmers, to start thinking of themselves as an organized community.



1892

1900

On the 1st December, 1900,  the Railway Management decided to change the name of the Station from San Geronimo, to La Cumbre (The Summit) ,  as at an altitude of 1.141metres above sea level, this was the highest point of the railway line, in the whole region. With only about 200 inhabitants, the roads were simply hoof prints open to carriages and riders, along narrow lanes, bordering the very large properties of some few owners.





It was some time before the setting up of the Municipal Commission, on 20th May, 1911, which layed out and opened up roads around 1913 and the Town Council was created on 17th July, 1916.

In those days, water was brought in by the High and Low irrigation ditches and a series of open canals in order to take water to country houses and orchards like Estancia San Geronimo, the Tapia Chacra, Big Chacra and Zapata Post.  (Chacra is a small holding),  but later on came the Water Works for channeling the water which was made drinkable,  an indispensable step forward for any progress.

The development of the village, bent on tourism, was clearly helped by the British Community, who had settled in the area, as well as the Spanish and Italian settlers.   The latters, clearly integrated with the locals in their daily lives. 



1911

1930
Without doubt, it was around the third decade of the XX Century, with its financial rollercoasters  and the threat of war in Europe,  when  La Cumbre became an ideal place to settle , relax and live closer to the  foreign styles , which many argentines craved for.  That is the reason why the town´s profile took on some unchangeable characteristics,  in a rather English manner. 




©2015, Junta de Historia de La Cumbre.

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